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How Do You Size a Globe Valve?

Apr 27 , 2023

A globe valve is a type of control valve commonly used in industrial processes for regulating the flow of liquids or gases. It is designed to provide precise control over the rate of flow, making it an essential component of many systems. Proper sizing of a globe valve is critical to ensure optimal performance and efficient operation. In this article, we will discuss the key factors involved in sizing a globe valve.


Determine the Flow Rate

The first step in sizing a globe valve is to determine the flow rate of the fluid or gas that will be passing through the valve. This can be done by calculating the volumetric flow rate (Q) or mass flow rate (W) of the fluid.

The volumetric flow rate (Q) is calculated as:

Q = A x V

where A is the cross-sectional area of the pipe and V is the average velocity of the fluid.


The mass flow rate (W) is calculated as:

W = p x Q

where p is the density of the fluid.


Once the flow rate is determined, it can be used to select an appropriately sized valve.

Globe Valve

 Globe Valve

Determine the Valve Cv

The valve Cv is a measure of the valve’s flow capacity and is defined as the number of gallons of water per minute that will flow through the valve with a pressure drop of one pound per square inch (psi). The valve Cv is determined by the valve manufacturer and can be found in their product literature.


Calculate the Required Cv

The required Cv can be calculated using the following equation:

Cv = Q / (SG x deltaP)

where SG is the specific gravity of the fluid and deltaP is the pressure drop across the valve.


The pressure drop across the valve is the difference between the upstream and downstream pressures and is typically specified by the system designer. If the pressure drop is not specified, it can be estimated based on the system requirements.


Select the Valve Size

Once the required Cv is determined, the valve size can be selected from the manufacturer’s product literature. Globe valves are typically available in a range of sizes, with the size indicating the diameter of the valve’s inlet and outlet ports. It is important to select a valve size that will provide the required Cv while also being compatible with the size of the piping system.


Consider the Valve Type and Material

In addition to selecting the appropriate valve size, it is important to consider the valve type and material. Globe valves can be classified as either balanced or unbalanced, depending on the design of the valve disc and seat.


Balanced globe valves are designed to reduce the effects of pressure on the valve disc, resulting in a more stable flow rate. Unbalanced globe valves are simpler in design but may be prone to variations in flow rate due to pressure fluctuations.


The material of the valve body and internal components should also be considered based on the properties of the fluid or gas being handled. For example, corrosive fluids may require valves made from materials such as stainless steel or plastic, while high-temperature applications may require valves made from materials such as brass or bronze.


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